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Epilepsy in Pregnancy in the Clinic

Kim Morley

Kim Morley

Advanced Clinical Practioner Epilepsy nurse and midwife

Date Published: January 26, 2022

Author: Arnold Wilkins

For two decades, Advanced Clinical Practitioner, nurse and midwife Kim Morley has been a pioneer of specialist epilepsy maternity services, with a particular focus on anti-epileptic drug (AED) management. Through her, work Kim has established community and hospital-based services in Winchester, Southampton and across Hampshire. Kim is also involved in research and is a dedicated advocate working with MBRRACE UK (Mother and Babies: Reducing Risk through Audits and Confidential Enquiries across the UK) and represents the Royal College of Midwives on the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) Valproate Stakeholders Committee. In this Research Blog, Kim discusses her career providing specialist care to women with epilepsy, and how being a voice for patients has led to real change.

I first wanted to investigate the effects of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) after hearing about the sudden unexpected death of a young mother with epilepsy (SUDEP), whose bereaved child had facial irregularities and learning difficulties. I already knew that birth defects had been linked to sodium valproate in pregnancy, but after some initial research, I learnt there was also a syndromic effect. The developmental and learning difficulties were very similar to cases where babies had been exposed to alcohol.

I immediately recognised that more needed to be done to inform and educate women and healthcare professionals on foetal anticonvulsant syndrome – a group of malformations that can affect babies if exposed to certain AEDs. I joined a national foetal anticonvulsant support group and offered to help raise awareness and share the experiences of families whose children had been affected. But in order to properly inform and educate, I needed the relevant evidence. At the time Dr Pam Crawford, Professor John Dean and Professor Peter Turnpenny were conducting research into women with epilepsy and the effect of AEDs on their children. They shared their published research with me and I began presenting this information to healthcare professionals around the UK through lectures and seminars.

After realising our hospital had no services tailored for women with epilepsy, I was determined that should change. With support from our lead consultant obstetrician and Head of Midwifery, I established a unique epilepsy specialist midwifery service providing pre-conceptual and pregnancy counselling. My aim was to prevent any baby from being harmed by AEDs whilst ensuring women became experts in their own health condition. I wanted to make sure every woman I met was correctly diagnosed with epilepsy, prescribed the AED most likely to control their seizures in the lowest therapeutic dose and least likely to cause harm to a future developing baby in pregnancy. With some small voluntary donations, I was able to found a hospital registered charity, ‘Women with Epilepsy’, which partly funded my work. The service became entirely NHS funded in 2017, and we launched a new website to provide free information for women with epilepsy and their families.

Research has moulded my career. My journey started with reading articles about foetal valproate syndrome and SUDEP and learning how to critique research. My passion for the topic was ignited and I started studying to become our first independent and supplementary non-medical prescriber. I then became our NHS Trust’s co-investigator for a multi-centre study researching AED management in pregnancy. I’ve now completed my own dissertation research study for a master’s degree in advanced clinical practice. (Morley K, 2020). The study explored experiences of using a toolkit I designed at the antenatal booking appointment and has provided valuable insights into the opinions of midwives, which are rarely sought in the epilepsy research paradigm.

Research has enabled me to support women and their prescribers with evidence-based advice during the transition from preconception years to pregnancy and beyond. To inform decision making, it is imperative women are provided with research evidence on the effects of medication exposure during pregnancy and whilst breastfeeding. This must be balanced with information about any potential risks associated with changing or withdrawing from their current medicine regime, including the risk of SUDEP and, importantly, providing a pillar of support during that process. As I specialise in AED management, it is rewarding to read research findings that have mirrored my clinical experience with these medicines. It also highlights the imbalance in therapeutics available for women of child-bearing potential with generalised epilepsy versus the options available for men, and the dilemmas this can lead to in decision-making and research design.

It was such a privilege to share my clinical experience at the European Medicines Agency first public hearing into valproate (2017), and in the Cumberlege Review (2020) and MRHA valproate guidance (2021). Being part of the epilepsy community has enabled me to be a voice for my patient group nationally and internationally, ensuring care and future research is inclusive of all women with epilepsy irrespective of race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, and health provider.  I am forever grateful for the opportunities I have had, but mostly to the women and families I have had the privilege of working with along the way.

-Kim Morley


The UK Epilepsy Priority Setting Partnership is a national survey collating the views of the entire UK epilepsy community including healthcare professionals, those affected by epilepsy, including families, friends, carers, and those bereaved by epilepsy. FIVE MINUTES is all it takes for you to make a huge difference this year and help shape the future of research into epilepsy Let’s drive change in 2022 – take the #UKepilepsyPSP survey here.